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Botanic Gardens Banking Seed Towards Target 8 of the GSPC

University of Helsinki

ESCAPE (Ex situ Conservation of Finnish Native Plant Species) aims to increase the Finnish red-listed species in ex situ collections from 11% to 60% by 2017. A national seedbank has been set up where over 100 threatened species will be collected and banked by 2017. These species will be grown and displayed in the Helsinki University Botanic Garden in order to engage the public on threatened native species in Finland. This project will also carry out assisted migration and restoration for certain species in the seedbank.

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

RBG Kew's Millennium Seed Bank Partnership is the largest ex situ plant conservation programme in the world. By 2014 it had banked over 35,000 plant species, making the seed bank at Wakehurst Place the most biodiverse place in the world. The MSBP has partners in over 80 countries collecting seed for the 2020 target, 25% of the world's plant species. The collection programme prioritises plant species from mountain, dryland, coastal and island environments. The MSBP focuses on collection of endemic, economic and endangered species.

Seed Bank of Azores - Jardim Botanico do Faial

The main goal of the Azores Seedbank is to preserve all endemic and native flora from the Azores archipelago. So far 60% has been banked The seed bank of Azores has collected seed from nearly 50 species across 8 islands in the Azores including Myosotis azorica. This species was thought to be extinct until a small population was found in 2014. Categorised as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List this endemic species has less than 600 individuals left in the wild due to threats including agricultural and forestry activities.

Kunming Institute of Botany, China

Almost 9,000 species are in The Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming at the Institute of Botany. The aim by 2020 is to increase this to 10,000 species, conserving 30% of China's vascular plants in ex situ collections.The institute plays an important role in international conservation by storing seeds for South East asian countries, such as Cambodia and Laos that don't have wild flora seedbanks.

Lyon Arboretum, Hawai'i

10 million seeds representing over 40% of native Hawaiian species are in ex situ collections at the Seed Conservation Lab based at the Lyon Arboretum, Hawai'i. Many of the species are endemic to Hawai'i having evolved in isolation over millions of years. Re-establishment of Cyanea grimesiana ssp. grimesiana, a flowering plant native to O?ahu and Moloka?i has saved it from extinction. Video: Saving endangered Native Hawaiian plants one seed at a time.

Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens - Seed Bank

With more than 4,600 accessions representing over 1,800 taxa, Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden (RSABG) hosts the largest seed bank dedicated to the wild native plants of California. The California Floristic Province occurs in the Mediterranean region of North America and is home to a high number of endemic, rare and threatened species. Working with a variety of partners, RSABG is actively increasing ex situ collection coverage for the unique flora of California. Read more about the conservation work of the garden on their blog.

Australian Seed Bank Partnership

A national collaboration of 12 institutions (mainly botanic gardens) across Australia with a mission to conserve native plant diversity. By 2020 80% of Austrailia's threatened flora will be in the seed bank. One of several initiatives is the 1,000 species project with seed from 1,000 threatened, endemic and economic species to be collected by 2020.

National Botanical Garden of Vácrátót

The Pannonian Biogeographical Region is unique to Europe. Its rich biodiversity and endemic species are threatened by industrialisation and urbanisation. Using the facilities already in place in the Research Centre for Agrobotany.The Pannon Seed Bank in Hungary has conserved 60% of pannonian species over the last 4 years. This resource will now assist in situ species conservation activities.

Berlin Botanic Garden

The Saatgutbank Dahlem Seed Bank focuses on rare and endangered species. Seed has been stored for long term conservation purposes since the beginning of the 90's. The seed bank currently hold 60% of Germany's red-listed plant species in their collection and are aiming for the GSPC target of 75% of threatened species. The collection also contains seed from the Mediterranean and Caucasus region.

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève - Seed Bank

The CJB host the only seed bank for wild flora in Switzerland. Most of the famous flora is alpine, but major losses occur among species of lowland flora. The aim is for all endangered and nearly threatened species to be conserved. At the end of 2015, 50% of the endangered species of Geneva and about 25% of the red listed species of Switzerland had been collected

Jawaharlal Nerhu Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

India is home to nearly 18,000 angiosperms. Many of these plants are useful to humans as either food or medicine. The JNTBGRI is conserving the largest number of germplasm collection of tropical plants among botanic gardens in Asia

Jardín Botánico José Celestino Mutis

Having recently established a seed bank, the botanic garden is focusing on conserving species from the tropical high mountains in Colombia which a has high quantity of endemism. As one of the ecosystems most affected by climate change and population growth species from this habitat are a priority for conservation action.

Shanghai Chenshan Botanic Garden Seed Bank

The seed bank focuses on conserving species of the Eastern China Flora, esecially rare and endangered, coastal island, wild ornamental and wild relatives of economic plants. Dabieshan and Xianxialing Mountains are two biodiversity hotspots which are priority areas for seed collection. In the next 5 years a seed morphology database will be built for all seeds in the region.

Royal Botanic Gardens, Jordan

The collecting priorities of the seedbank at the The Royal Botanic Gardens, Jordan include collecting seed from rare, threatened and endemic species. They also prioritise collection of seed for species that will be grown in the Gardens. The Garden started seed banking in 2009 and have collected over 300 species for the seedbank. Currently the seedbank is short-term storage only but a long term one is planned.

Otari Native Botanic Garden and Wilon's Bush Reserve

The Otari-Wilton's Bush have prioritised collection of the Critically Endangered, Pimelea actea as part of an ex situ conservation and recovery plan. This species has a total population size of less than 100 and is confined to an area smaller than 10km². Through a collaborative effort between Otari staff, the Department of Conservation and volunteers from the Whanganui Museum Botanical Group, 100 P. actea plants have been replanted into a conservancy north of Whanganui, New Zealand. Pimelea actea is the first of 30 locally, regionally and/or nationally threatened species which have been identified for seed collection to conserve the species.

New England Wild Flower Society


As part of an ambitious strategy to conserve and restore the region’s rare and endangered plant species, the New England Wild Flower Society’s Strategic Plan aims for at least 75% of the region's threatened species to be conserved in seed banks or living collections by 2020. Making New England the first region in the United States likley to meet the goal. At least 2,000 populations will be banked of app. 300  globally and regionally rare species.