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Literature and links

This page will develop as literature is collected and posted.  Contact us with island conservation literature links.


  • Bissea — Plant conservation bulletin published by Cuba’s National Botanic Garden since 2007 to present. English/Spanish publications. El Boletín del Grupo de Ecología y Conservación del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba / Cuba’s National Botanic Garden’s Ecology and Conservation Group Bulletin
  • Caribbean Islands Regional Overview (Centers of Plant Diversity) Adams, C. D. 1997. Caribbean Islands Regional overview in S. D. Davis, V. H. Heywood, O. Herrera-MacBryde, J. Villa-Lobos, and A. C. Hamilton, editors. Centres of Plant Diversity. A Guide and Strategy for their Conservation. Vol. 3. The Americas. WWF & IUCN, Cambridge, England.
  • Plant-frugivores interactions

Chimera, C G and D R. Drake 2010. Patterns of Seed Dispersal and Dispersal Failure in a Hawaiian Dry Forest Having Only Introduced Birds. Biotropica 42(4): 493–502.

The authors document seed dispersal by non-native birds in dry forest remnants in Hawaii and show that these introduced birds almost exclusively disperse fruits of non-native but not native tree species.

Luskin M S 2010. Flying Foxes Prefer to Forage in Farmland in a Tropical Dry Forest Landscape Mosaic in Fiji. Biotropica 42(2): 246–250.

Habitat choice and feeding behavior of the Pacific flying fox, Pteropus tonganus, were investigated across 16 islands of the Yasawa archipelago, Fiji. Flying foxes forage extensively on fruit trees such as breadfruit, mango, or papaya on farmland while roosting was restricted to native forest remnants.

  • Prioritisation of conservation of island species

Martın J L 2010. Using taxonomically unbiased criteria to prioritize resource allocation for oceanic island species conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 19:1659–1682.

The authors present an expert opinion based assessment method for the prioritisation of island species conservation based on (i) protection priority, including ecological value, singularity, public institutions’ management responsibilities and social value; and (ii) management feasibility, including threats knowledge and control feasibility, external socio-economical support for management and biological recovery potential. Based on vascular plant, bryophyte and animal data from Macaronesia.

  • Invasive alien species

Kawakami, K and O Isamu (eds) 2010. Restoring the Oceanic Island Ecosystem. Impact and Management of Invasive Alien Species in the Bonin Islands. Springer: Berlin.

Synthesis book on the management and impacts of invasive non-native species in the Bonin Islands (Japan). E-book available online.



Global Island Database
UNEP-WCMC. 2010. Global Island Database. Available from 

Conservatoire Botanique des Antilles Françaises

Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. and M.T. Strong. 2007. Catalogue of the seed plants of the West Indies Website. National Museum of Natural History, The Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Available from

Flora of the Eastern Caribbean (Lesser Antilles) - Beta
Carrington, S. 2007. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean Online Database (Beta). University of the West Indies-Cave Hill Campus, Barbados. Available from

Flora of the Greater Antilles
The New York Botanical Garden. 2006. Flora of the Greater Antilles. New York Botanical Garden. Available from

Aruba and the The Netherlands Antilles
Caribbean Research and Management of Biodiversity. 2009. Dutch Caribbean Biodiversity Explorer. CARMABI Foundation, Willemstad, Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. Available from

Curaçao – The Netherlands Antilles
Severens, R. 2002. Flora van Curaçao - Flora of Curaçao - Flora di Kòrsou. Available from

Saba – The Netherlands Antilles
Mori, S.A., W.R. Buck, C.A. Gracie, and M. Tulig. 2007 onward. Plants and Lichens of Saba. Virtual Herbarium of The New York Botanical Garden. The New York Botanical Garden, Saba Conservation Foundation, and Conservation International. Available from

Centro Nacional de Biodiversidad. 2009. Diversidad Biológica Cubana. Centro Nacional de Biodiversidad (CeNBio), Cuba. Available from

Greuter, W. and R. Rankin Rodríguez. 2010. Base de datos de especímenes de la flora de Cuba: con mapas y distribución. Versión 6.0 - Febrero del 2010. Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Freie Universität Berlin. Available from 

Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Group (HRPRG)
Plant Extinction Prevention Program of Hawaii
Hawaii Botanical Society

Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and D.H. Lorence. 2005-ongoing. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website. National Museum of Natural History, The Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Available from


A conceptual framework to analyse the Land-use / land-cover changes and its impact on phytodiversity – A case study of North Andaman Islands, India" in Biodiversity and Conservation Journal.

2009 " Assessment of tsunami and anthropogenic impacts on the forest of the North Andaman Islands, India" in International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Marquesas Islands
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and D.H. Lorence. 2005-ongoing. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website. National Museum of Natural History, The Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Available from


Phelsuma volume 18 (and all previous issues) is now available on-line as an open access journal - Phelsuma is a journal focused on the natural history of the Seychelles and the Western Indian Ocean with a main interest in zoology. However, it also includes regularly articles on plant conservation and taxonomy and general conservation. The most recent issue includes for instance an article on the "The timing of arrival of humans and their commensal animals on Western Indian Ocean oceanic islands" by Anthony Cheke.

Samways MJ, PM Hitchins, O Bourquin, J Henwood 2010. Restoration of a tropical island: Cousine Island, Seychelles. Biodiversity and Conservation 19:425–434. Samways et al. summarize the history of the restoration of a small 27 ha offshore island, Cousine where alien mammals were erradicated, native vegetation is being restored, and rare native birds released.

United States
(including Hawaii, Puerto Rico, & US Virgin Islands)
Center for Plant Conservation

The New York Botanical Garden. 2010. Caribbean Biodiversity Portal. The New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY. Available from

Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. National Museum of Natural History, The Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.  Available from