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China Strategy Gallery

All images to be credited to BGCI unless otherwise stated.

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Giant Lily - Cardiocrinum giganteum
Native to the temperate montane forest of South West China, the Giant Lily grows to an astonishing 7 foot high, crowned with 12-inch-long scented trumpets. Aside from its use as a dramatic ornamental flower, it has been used for centuries in Traditional Chinese Medicine for its external cooling application to alleviate the pains of wounds and bruises


Clematis - Clematis montana

A mainstay of the English cottage garden, Clematis montana in fact hails from old growth forests of China. From late spring to early summer, it is a sight to behold as it becomes covered in whitish-pink almond-scented flowers.


Photinia - Photinia davidiana

First introduced to the West by the infamous French missionary Père Armand David in 1869, the scarlet leaves and burnt orange berries of Photinia davidiana have made it one of the staples of modern day European gardens.

Primula - Primula forrestii
Closely-related to the British Cowslip, the bright yellow Primula forrestii is traditionally used in China to treat digestive disorders and fevers. It is said to be particularly useful in treating food poisoning in children, a common cause of child mortality in rural areas.


Siebold’s Magnolia - Magnolia sieboldii

Despite being one of the most cold-hardy Magnolias, found in gardens as far north as Finland, the beautiful Magnolia sieboldii is currently listed as vulnerable in the wild. Fragmentation of its native habitat and overexploitation for its medicinal properties have put the future of this species under great threat.

(image courtesy of the Royal Horticultural Society)

Ginkgo – Ginkgo biloba

Despite predating the dinosaurs, wild ginkgo trees are now confined to just a few scattered patches of forest. Ginkgo is one of the world’s most popular commercial herbal medicines, being used traditionally to treat Alzheimers disease.


Chinese Peony – Peony lactiflora
The Chinese have been cultivating peonies for 1,500 years, both as a showy ornamental and an important medicinal. The root is an ingredient of 'Four Things Soup', the most widely used woman's tonic in China. A tea made from the dried crushed petals of various peony species has been used as a cough remedy.


Children on a field trip in Wuhan Botanic Garden

Environmental education programmes run by botanic gardens are crucial in China, where understanding and support for environmental issues remains low. Through this strategy China is launching a massive state investment initiative into environmental education, including the creation of hundreds of ‘green’ kindergartens, schools and universities.

The Pavilion at Wuhan Botanic Gardens, China

Rhododendron - Rhododendron rubiginosum

Er Jinan Lake Nature Reserve

(image sourced from the 'China's National Strategy for Plant Conservation' document)

Hang Zhou Tea Garden

(image sourced from the 'China's National Strategy for Plant Conservation' document)

Mount Heng Duan Nature Reserve

The Mount Heng Duan region, home to over 225 rhododendron species, is one of China’s richest forest ecosystems.

(image sourced from the 'China's National Strategy for Plant Conservation' document)

Sheng Nong Jia Nature Reserve
Known as China’s ‘Green Gene Pool’, Sheng nong Jia Nature reserve is home to the wild relatives of many major crops, as well as the last remaining wild ginkgos.


(image sourced from the 'China's National Strategy for Plant Conservation' document)

Wild Barley
Fields of cultivated ‘wild’ barley, found only in the Chinese Himalayas, demonstrate the importance of local and ethnic crop varieties.

(image sourced from the 'China's National Strategy for Plant Conservation' document)

Xi Ling Gou Le Grassland Nature Reserve

(image sourced from the 'China's National Strategy for Plant Conservation' document)